Receding gums soon become health issue when teeth roots get exposed. This will leave your teeth at risk of infection, decay and ultimately loss. You can avoid this situation, if treatment starts early. Gum recession can be stopped as well as reversed. In case of severe recession, the causing symptoms like infection, pain, and tooth sensitivity can be treated using variety of techniques like tissue grafts, deep cleaning or medication.
The fact is that people hardly realize that their gums are ebbing until it is late. The condition can be painful and scary, when they are told that their gums are receding by the dentist. What are gums? What causes gum recession?Getting to know about the real cause helps to choose the correct treatment plan.
Understand the role of gums
Gingivae or gums is made from pink tissues that meet at the teeth base. For each tooth there is one gum. Gingival tissue is thick having good blood vessel supply beneath the moist surface [mucous membrane]. Gingival tissue is connected with mouth lining. Its color is pink rather than red. Gums are robustly connected to the jawbone. They cover each tooth tightly to the neck. In an intact condition, gums cover teeth roots and protect them. Gum recession occurs after you gum experiences a tissue loss. It exposes vulnerable teeth roots to plaque and bacteria, which leads to decay.
Common gum recession causes
Gingival recession is triggered due to several life habits. The dentist will plan treatment on the basis of causes.
Poor oral health
Poor oral health can trigger periodontal disease. This is an infection rooted by bacterial plaque accumulation. This weakens the gum tissues that start to detach from teeth and recede. Periodontal disease can be cured with forceful plaque removal techniques but is highly preventable. Brush and floss regularly, visit dentist on schedule for checkups and thorough cleaning for maintaining gum health.
Oral care enthusiasts brush and floss their teeth aggressively but this is not correct according to studies. You need to brush your teeth and not scrub them. Hard brushing consistently can inflame and tear tissue overtime and they start to ebb. Avoid using toothbrush, which is not labelled ‘soft’. Use brush gently in circular motion and allow detergent to remove plaque, if any.
Genetics determine your gum characteristics, just like your body. If your parents have weak or thin gums then these characteristic get inherited via genes.
Incorrect teeth positioning
Generally, in childhood a tooth erupts in the middle of bony housing but if it erupts outside then this can cause no or little gum tissue growth. Teeth not in alignment can cause gum recession. It is better to move teeth in an aligned position inside the bony housing via orthodontics. It can increase the chances of stimulating the growth of gums.
If you often get up with a headache or your spouse complains that you were grinding your teeth while sleeping then this habit causes several dental maladies besides gum recession. Bruxism is a condition of grinding your teeth. Visit the dentist right away because this condition can be easily and painlessly treated with using mouth guard.
Gum tissue trauma
During some traumatic injury to teeth or tooth may cause gum tissue to decline. Age, diabetes, and smoking, are also some factors that increases the risk of gum recession.