Get to Know the Difference Between Sativa and Indica

Cannabis has been used for centuries. Yet, many people are confused as to why some feel are mentally stimulated while few of them experience body relaxation. The main reason is that marijuana is available in two species – Indica and Sativa, both have their personal characteristics and effects.

If you are choosing the first strain then get empowered with knowledge about how to distinguish a Sativa and Indica strain or what are its medicinal benefits or what offers cannabis the smell and taste.

Origin and plant characteristics

  • In 1753, Carl Linnaeus [Swedish botanist] categorized cannabis as Sativa. Sativa’s thrive in hot climate means lots of sunshine and long daylight hours. In general, Sativa plant grows between 8 – 12 feet but if allowed it can grow more than 20 feet. Leaves are finger-like, long and thin. Takes long time to grow but generates huge yields.


  • In 1783, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck discovered a cannabis different than Sativa and called it Indica. The plant is roughly 3 to 4 feet tall. This densely branched plant has wide and broad dark green leaves, which possess high level of chlorophyll. As the species grows in cold harsh environment, it develops resin to protect itself. Resin is extremely dense in cannabinoids making this species very potent.

Sativa vs. Indica

The main question is how to differentiate between Sativa and Indica strains as you don’t breed your own medical marijuana. Let’s get to know the distinguishing common factors of sativa versus indica.

Dried buds

Sativa buds are –

  • Less dense
  • Long
  • Feature orange or red color
  • Fluffy and Wispy

Indica buds are –

  • Compact and dense
  • Short
  • Heavy
  • Feature purple color

Medicinal effects

Plant characteristics and cannabis bud can help you determine whether the strain is Sativa or Indica but what effect it has on your mind and body is an ideal way to be certain.


Till today, Indica strain is connected with extremely relaxing and sedative effect. It makes people feel sleepy, so are best used at night. You can fall asleep in a short time, after consuming it.

Besides, Indica’s are said to deliver strong body relaxing effect. It can make you feel locked to the couch for many hours. Indica is connected with the term ‘High’. It means your physical senses get heightened while eating food, touching or listening.


Sativa’s have totally opposite effect from Indica’s. They typically uplift the mood and make the person active, so is perfect for daytime use. Creative minded can take advantage for better mental focus and turn more productive. Morning or mid-afternoon fatigue gets eliminated with Sativa strain.

Many people report that Sativa has made them confidentially participate in long conversation and enhance their creativity. Sativa is popular amongst artists, musicians, and philosophers.

You need to keep in mind that it is not the Sativa or Indica that generate different medicinal effects. It is Cannabinoids, the compound found in cannabis plants. Cannabinoids makes marijuana a medicinal plant. Cannabis plants generate more than one hundred Cannabinoids, which affects human body in different ways.